Summary and Info
Kokum (Garcinia indica Choisy) is one of the native underexploited tree spice. It ismostly found in Konkan region of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala and Surat district ofGujarat on the West Coast of India and to some extent in the forests of Assam, Meghalaya,West Bengal. In spite of its incredible medicinal and nutritive properties, kokum isgenerally not cultivated systematically on orchard scale like that of mango, cashew nut etc.It is mostly found as a kitchen garden plant or mixed crop in plantations of coconut, arecanut, as roadside plants or in forest.The common names for Kokum are Goa butter tree, Kokum butter tree, mangosteenoil tree. In Hindi it is known as Kokum while in Marathi it is variously known as bherandabhiranda, kokamba, kokambi, ratamba, ratambi, tambada amba. In Tamil it is known asmurgal, murgal-mara and in Malayalam it is kaattampi kokkam in Kannada it is calledmurgina, punarpuli, devana huli. In Oriya it is tintali and in Gujarati and Konkani it is Kokamor bhirind. In Sanskrit it is variously known as vrikshamia, amlabija, amlapura, amlashaka.In French, Italian and Spanish the name is spelt as cocum and in Portuguese it is known asbrindao or brindonna.