Summary and Info
Nonlinear dynamic physical systems exhibit a rich variety of behaviors. In many cases,the system response is unstable, and the behavior may become unpredictable. Sincean unstable or unpredictable response is usually undesirable in engineering practice,the stability characterization of a system's behavior becomes essential.In this work, a numerical procedure to characterize the dynamic stability of con-tinuous solid media, discretized using finite element methods, is proposed. The pro-cedure is based on the calculation of the maximum Lyapunov characteristic exponent(LCE), which provides information about the asymptotic stability of the system re-sponse. The LCE is a measure of the average divergence or convergence of nearbytrajectories in the system phase space, and a positive LCE indicates that the sys-tem asymptotic behavior is chaotic, or, in other words, asymptotically dynamicallyunstable. In addition, a local temporal stability indicator is proposed to reveal thepresence of local dynamic instabilities in the response. Using the local stability indi-cator, dynamic instabilities can be captured shortly after they occur in a numericalcalculation. The indicator can be obtained from the successive approximations of theresponse LCE calculated at each discretized time step. Both procedures can also beapplied to fluid-structure interaction problems in which the analysis focuses on thebehavior of the structural part.The response of illustrative structural systems and fluid flow-structure interac-tion systems, in which the fluid is modeled using the Navier-Stokes equations, wascalculated. The systems considered present both stable and unstable behaviors, andtheir LCEs and local stability indicators were computed using the proposed proce-dures. The stability of the complex behaviors exhibited by the problems consideredwas properly captured by both approaches, confirming the validity of the proceduresproposed in this work.Thesis Supervisor: Klaus-Jiirgen BatheTitle: Professor of Mechanical Engineeing
Review and Comments
Rate the Book
Characterization of the Dynamic Response of Continuous Systems Discretized Using Finite Element Methods 0 out of 5 stars based on 0 ratings.