Summary and Info
Compiled by the U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services, CDC/NIOSH Office of Mine Safety and Health Research, this 2007 report was written in an effort to provide better control measures for low back pain (LBP) and low back disability in the mining industry. Better job design is promoted as the best method of reducing cases of LBP and can also reduce the disability associated with LBP when it happens. The report draws attention to what is currently known about LBP, what the causes are thought to be, and discusses recent back injury trends in the mining industry. Research describing unique physical demands in mining, such as the capabilities and limitations of working in awkward postures, is also presented. Methods that can be used to prevent initial LBP episodes are provided, including facilities design and layout for materials and supplies, use of mechanical assist devices, improved design of lifting tasks, and better seat design. Methods of reducing the disability associated with LBP (including workplace design, proactive return-to-work efforts, communication, and management commitment) are also discussed. Content: Front Matter • List of Illustrations • List of Tables • Acronyms and Abbreviations Used in This Report • Unit of Measure Abbreviations Used in This Report • Glossary • Table of Contents • Executive Summary • Introduction 1. Understanding Low Back Pain 2. Low Back Disability in Mining 3. Primary Prevention of Low Back Pain in Mining 4. Secondary Prevention: Reducing Disability • 5. Summary and Guidelines • 6. Directions for Future Research • References • Appendix - Tables Used for Calculation of the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation
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